Nutrition Counselling Techniques

nutrition counselling techniques
Picture of Written by Olivia Farrow, RD, MHSc

Written by Olivia Farrow, RD, MHSc

Reviewed by Maria Dellanina, RDN

Feeling a lack of confidence in your counseling skills? Try our top 10 nutrition counselling techniques inspired by DSC’s Nutrition Counseling & Coaching Certificate

In this article, we’ll explore ten practical strategies to enhance your counseling sessions, strengthen client engagement, and facilitate positive behavior change. These nutrition counselling techniques are inspired by our certificate program to empower you to build meaningful connections with your clients and support them on their journey to optimal health. 

Whether you’re a seasoned practitioner or new to the field, these actionable insights will help you elevate your nutrition counseling practice and make a lasting impact on the lives of those you serve. So let’s dive in and discover how to become a more effective and empathetic nutrition counselor!


Top 10 Nutrition Counselling Techniques


1. Set Expectations

Begin each session by asking clients about their goals and expectations. Introduce yourself by explaining how you can help. 

For example, “Before we get started, could you share with me what you’re hoping to achieve during our time together today?” 

Setting clear expectations helps establish rapport and ensures both you and your client are on the same page.


2. Start with Effective Questions

Kickstart the conversation with open-ended questions to encourage clients to share their thoughts and experiences openly. This is an important aspect that sets nutrition education apart from nutrition counseling, diving deeper into a client’s motivations. 

For instance, rather than asking a closed-end question, like: “Do you eat healthily?”

You could ask an open-ended question that digs deeper, like: “How would you describe your current eating habits?” 

Effective questions lay the foundation for meaningful dialogue and help you gain valuable insights into your clients’ perspectives.

DSC’s Nutrition Counseling & Coaching Certificate comes with your very own hard-copied and online workbook which includes a Master List of Questions. There are over 100 questions based on effective nutrition counselling techniques you can begin to use in your client sessions right away! 


3. Practice Active & Reflective Listening

Active listening fosters trust and strengthens the client-counselor relationship, paving the way for productive collaboration. Reflective listening helps you check for understanding by reflecting back on what the client has said. 

Engage in active listening by giving clients your full attention, avoiding interruptions, and validating their feelings and concerns. Reflect back on what they’ve shared to demonstrate understanding and empathy. 

For example, “It sounds like you’re saying that…am I understanding correctly?”

You can improve these skills by practicing with your friends, family, and colleagues. You might even notice improvements in your personal relationships as well! 


4. Plan for Realistic Goals

Collaborate with clients to set realistic, meaningful long-term goals that align with their values and aspirations. Dive deeper into their motivations and aspirations beyond surface-level goals like body composition change. 

For instance, if your client says their goal is to “be healthier”, you could ask, “what does living a healthier life look like for you?” and work with them to break down what is important to them and what sustainable changes would look like. 

Realistic goal setting empowers clients, addresses barriers to change and increases their likelihood of success.


5. Ask for Permission

Before offering advice or suggestions, ask clients for permission to share your insights. This empowers them to feel in control of their decisions and fosters a collaborative relationship.

This might feel uncomfortable at first. Try these questions to get started. 

  • Are you open to hearing about…?
  • Can I share some ideas about…?
  • Would you be interested in some suggestions for…?

Asking for permission respects clients’ autonomy and promotes client-centered care and is one of the most important nutrition counseling techniques.


6. Keep it Simple

As a nutrition professional, have you ever wanted to make sure your client feels that time spent with you is “worth it?” So, you spend the session covering ALL the information they need to know about a topic.

Maybe the client has diabetes and in the first session you feel the need to cover:

  • the lock and key analogy
  • the role of carbohydrates
  • what insulin resistance is
  • the glycemic Index
  • the importance of fiber
  • the role of physical activity
  • how stress can affect blood sugar levels
  • and blood sugar monitoring

You also hand your client a pile of handouts and a variety of meal plans, all within a one-hour session.

You think your client sees this as VALUE. But in reality, the client feels overwhelmed, overloaded, unsure of where to start, and hesitant to re-book with you if they can’t make (or remember) all of the changes.

Avoid overwhelming clients with excessive information. Focus on working to understand what would be the most helpful information the client could benefit from today, and keep your guidance clear, concise, and easy to understand, focusing on a few key takeaways at a time. You can always cover more topics at future sessions, which your client will be more likely to book if they aren’t leaving the first session completely overwhelmed. Let your client know that in the next session, another topic of interest will be explored. 

Also, consider telling your client that they can come back for a follow-up session even if key takeaways weren’t tried or implemented. Reminding them that their session is not dependent on their performance.

7. Break it Down

Break larger, long-term goals into smaller, manageable daily habits that clients can work on gradually. Start with just one to three habits at a time to prevent overwhelm and promote sustainable change. 

For instance, if the larger goal is to increase fiber, this could be broken down into smaller habit goals that could be tackled one at a time and may depend on their readiness to change and barriers. For example:

  • Making a list of vegetables the client enjoys.
  • Adding vegetables to their grocery list.
  • Purchasing vegetables that are realistic for them. This might mean frozen mixed vegetables, or pre-made salads if they need more convenient options, or cabbage if they need a budget-friendly choice. 
  • Adding half a plate of vegetables to dinner once a week
  • Adding half a plate of vegetables to dinner every day

8. Assess Barriers

Speaking of barriers, when setting goals and habits, work to identify potential barriers that may hinder clients’ progress. This sets the stage to plan collaboratively to develop strategies for overcoming them. 

Discuss any challenges they’ve encountered in the past or that they might anticipate and adjust their action plans accordingly. 

Addressing barriers proactively can help to prevent a lack of progress that can be frustrating for the client and prevent them from making future progress. 


9. Celebrate Wins

Recognize and celebrate clients’ efforts, problem-solving abilities, and motivations, regardless of the outcomes achieved. 

Affirm their progress and resilience to reinforce positive behavior change. Noticing efforts and celebrating even the smallest wins boosts clients’ confidence and motivation to continue their journey.


10. Keep an Eye on Time

Respect your and your clients’ time by managing sessions effectively and staying mindful of the clock. Try these strategies if you struggle with time management during counseling sessions:

  • Keep a visible clock in your workspace (if in-person).
  • Start the session by outlining the time available and how it will be spent.
  • Provide time checks throughout the session. “Since we have about 30 minutes left, why don’t we move on to talking about some of those goals you mentioned earlier.” 
  • Give a gentle reminder about the remaining time as the session nears its end. For instance, “We have about 10 minutes left. Is there anything specific you’d like to discuss or address before we wrap up?” 

Time management ensures sessions stay focused and productive, maximizing the value for your clients.


Effective nutrition counseling is not only about providing information, but also about fostering meaningful connections, understanding individual needs, and empowering clients to make sustainable changes at their own pace. The journey to becoming a skilled nutrition counselor doesn’t end with these 10 nutrition counselling techniques.

If you’re looking to deepen your knowledge, refine your skills, and receive real support in your practice, we invite you to join DSC’s Nutrition Counseling & Coaching Certificate Course. With expert guidance, interactive learning modules, and a comprehensive workbook, you’ll gain the tools and confidence needed to excel in the field of nutrition counseling. Together, let’s empower individuals to lead healthier, happier lives through the transformative power of nutrition counseling.

Disclaimer: the information provided in all written materials is for educational purposes only and is not to be used as medical advice or to diagnose or treat a medical disease. It is strictly for informational purposes and is general in nature. Dietitian Success Center Inc. is not responsible and cannot be held liable for any actions or inactions taken related to the information produced. Consult with your local medical provider before implementing any dietary changes. It is hereby understood that the information provided does not replace medical advice provided by your healthcare provider.

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